Unmet needs in dystonia View all 9 Articles. Literary reports on dystonia date back to post-Medieval times. Medical reports are instead more recent.
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In oromandibular dystonia OMD abnormal repetitive contractions of masticatory, facial, and lingual muscles as well as the presence of orobuccolingual OBL dyskinesias may interfere with the appropriate performance of tasks such as chewing and swallowing leading to significant dysphagia and weight loss. We present here the clinical characteristics and treatment variables of a series of patients that developed an OMD-associated eating dysfunction. We present a series of patients diagnosed and followed-up at the Movement Disorders Clinic of the Department of Neurology of University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine over a year period.
What is dystonia? What are the symptoms? What do researchers know about dystonia?
Orofacial movement disorders OMD are a group of conditions that affect the motor aspect of the trigeminal, facial, and hypoglossal cranial nerves. These alterations are produced by pathologic disorders affecting the central nervous system, manifesting as isolated or combined hyperkinetic dysfunctional activities on the masticatory, facial mimic, or tongue musculatures. A comprehensive understanding of orofacial dystonias is essential to identify different variants of OMD that could be easily mislabeled or misdiagnosed.
Dystonia is a neurological movement disorder syndrome in which sustained or repetitive muscle contractions result in twisting and repetitive movements or abnormal fixed postures. Dystonia is often intensified or exacerbated by physical activity, and symptoms may progress into adjacent muscles. The disorder may be hereditary or caused by other factors such as birth-related or other physical traumainfectionpoisoning e. Treatment must be highly customized to the needs of the individual and may include oral medications, chemodenervation botulinum neurotoxin injections, physical therapy, or other supportive therapies, and surgical procedures such as deep brain stimulation.
Dystonia is a movement disorder in which your muscles contract involuntarily, causing repetitive or twisting movements. The condition can affect one part of your body focal dystoniatwo or more adjacent parts segmental dystonia or all parts of your body general dystonia. The muscle spasms can range from mild to severe. They may be painful, and they can interfere with your performance of day-to-day tasks.